Emei Mountain in Sichuan Province is one of the four sacred Buddhist mountains of China. Yet, Taoism was practiced also and multiple martial art styles are said to have originated or blended together there from the various monks and others who lived and practiced there.1 As with many of the martial arts in China there is much mystery as to the origins and various styles of Bagua Zhang and in particular a given style known as Emei. What is discussed here on this site is attained from the work of Master Liang, Shou-Yu, his organization of the International Wushu Sanshou Dao Assoociation (IWSD) 2 and the style taught by Master Jose Johnson at the Chinese Martial Arts and Wellness Center 3. There is much information on the web regarding various styles of Bagua and the reader is advised to use caution when judging the reliability of web sites. Whenever possible references are provided so the curious reader may know where to turn for additional research. The attempt here is to present information in an objective, non-judgmental way. Any practitioner of Bagua or another style should rely on their experience and understanding and invest the time and effort, Gung Fu, to advance their expertise of the subject. In that regards it is hoped this site and its contents provide the reader utility to that end.
Wuji - calm down your emotional mind, Xin, and harmonize your Qi to control the monkey heart (emotional mind).
Notes: calm the emotional mind. The purpose here is to learn how to use the wisdom mind, Yi, to govern the emotional mind, Xin.
Movements: stand naturally upright, feet together, and let your arms hang by your side. Shifting your weight to your right leg, step out with your left foot about shoulder width apart.
Keys: relax the entire body and breathe naturally. Concentrate the mind on breathing and avoid scattered thoughts.
Some techniques to calm and relax the mind:
- Use a candle as a focus point
- Focus on relaxing your body from head to toe
- When thoughts pop into your head, acknowledge them, and then let each one go
- Cultivate compassion by envisioning negative events and recast them in a positive light to transform them into positive experiences
Sink the top and gather the internal Qi; the breath shall be thin and smooth. Notes: coordinating with your breathing, lead the Qi from the top of your head to the lower Dan Tian by breathing naturally keeping your breath smooth and slender. Once the body is relaxed the Qi can condense in the Dan Tian.
Movements: stand with hands open at waist level, arms slightly rounded in front of Dan Tian, and your fingers pointing down at an angle with palms facing each other. Relax your shoulders, drop the elbows, settle the wrists, and hold. Arc the chest in slightly, back should round between shoulders. Do 16 abdominal breathing cycles.
Keys: keep head suspended and do not raise the shoulders. Position your weight over the bubbling well cavity, Yongquan, on the bottom of the feet and slightly grip the floor with your toes. When you inhale, guide your attention to the Dan Tian so that all your Qi flows to your center of gravity. When you exhale, lead the Qi out to the extremities and loosen and expand the joints as it flows from your center out.
More: abdominal breathing - the abdomen expands forward, to the sides and also towards the spine during the inhale, followed by the chest expanding. During exhale use the abdominal muscles to contract and empty as much air as possible.
Exhale to push, inhale to pull; turn the mill with round motion. Bow stance, hands flat (palms down); shift weight forward & back while palms make circular movement along a flat plane.
Roll, drill, struggle, and wrap supporting the eight directions. Dragon posture, turning palm change, hold and focus through tiger's mouth.
Spiral and Rotate
Waist is like an ankle turning, arm swings around. Feet shoulder width and pointing forward; using the waist turn from side to side and allow the arms to swing freely in an arc from the waist up to the shoulders, first to one side and then the other. The extended arm is palm up while the trailing arm is palm down. After completing the high swings, allow the arms to swing low and wrap around waist to stimulate the kidneys.
The body is twisted like a rope and the head is suspended from above. Begin by holding a ball, turn into a low twisted stance, lower hand drills up and upper hand presses down. The lead foot is turned to outside, same side hand is palm flat in front of waist while opposite hand drills overhead. Uncoil and switch to the other side.
Bore and Turn
Arcing and swinging, walking in the mud along the edge of a circle. Dragon posture, slide step along a circle. Turning palm change when changing direction. Follow a figure eight pattern.
Practice turning-spinning Bagua to return to pre-heaven condition. Stand in natural posture.